To fully condition water for (1) new larger aquariums or new pond applications, (2) before, after or during water additions, or (3) before adding new fishes, amphibians, invertebrates or plants, add 1 oz. (~30 mL) of Ultimate® per 60 gallons (~227L) of water. Refer to the Product Data Sheet linked below for more information. Excellent for use when shipping fish in bags.
Recommendations: Perform regular water changes to keep the alkalinity (acid-neutralizing capacity) and pH stable. Use Ultimate® as needed to eliminate and control ammonia at the dosage rate for each 1 mg/L, or fraction thereof, of measured total ammonia or for each 0.85 mg/L of measured total ammonia-nitrogen. Use a salicylate (indolphenol) type total ammonia test kit. For dissolved-oxygen (DO) testing use either a DO meter or an indigocarmine test.
May be used at the regular dosage to stop or destroy permanganate treatments.
Complications: Do not use with permanganate-based or chlorite-based treatments. Nessler's total ammonia test will give false, high (or off scale) readings. Winkler dissolved oxygen tests will give false, low (or zero) readings.
Because we care: Ultimate® has been developed to offer a completely safe environement for aquatic life and for ease of use. Look for the ClorAm-X® logo and the U.S. patent number to assure yourself you are getting the original original, patented ammonia removing technology developed by John Kuhns.